An overview of rice sector of Pakistan

March 21, 2014
Iqra Junejo

Pakistan is the 4th largest producer of rice following chine, India, Indonesia. Rice is the major export product of Pakistan following wheat, cotton, it export earns about 13% of the country’s foreign exchange making it the second most important source of foreign exchange following cotton , total share of Pakistan in world’s trade of rice is up to 10%  while 25% in world’s trade of  basmati rice. Basmati rice covers 52% of the total cultivated area of rice in Pakistan.

Generally in Pakistan rice production system is followed by rice-wheat production system means both are grown in a alternate pattern, as rice are grown in the monsoon months and wheat in the cooler months of winter season, in the province name Punjab there is sufficient water available to grow rice in the kharif season ( summer) as per the requirement of rice while wheat is grown in the rabi ( winter) months from November to April.

Rice is cultivated over 10% of total cropped area of Islamic republic of Pakistan. It is contributing approximately 6.7 % in value addition of agriculture and the contribution of rice in GDP is about 1.3-1.6% in total GDP.

If we talk about contribution of provinces in it’s  production , Punjab ranks 1st by contributing 58% , Sindh ranks  2nd  by contributing 29% , Balochistan  ranks 3rd and it’s contribution is about 3 % and Khyber Pakhtoun Khawan  ranks 4th by contributing 10 %.

Lahore, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Multan, Bahawalpur, Sukkhur, Larkana, Khairpur, Nawabshah, Hyderabad are famous for rice production in Pakistan.

There are many varieties which are being cultivated in Pakistan like super kernel basmati, super basmati, irri-6, irri-9, pk-385 basmati rice, pk-198 basmati rice etc.

Mr. Chela Ram senior vice president REAP (rice exporter association of Pakistan) and CEO, KK Rice Mills, talking to zarai media said that work is being done for the betterment and improvement of rice and he also invited zarai media to his office for further discussions.

Mr. Mehboob ul haq ,CEO, SEDF ( Sindh Enterprise Development Fund), talking to zarai media said that understanding the importance of rice and it’s impact on export earning SEDF had launched BMR-RICE HUSKING SCHEME in February 2013 in order to provide financial assistance to the mill owners of Sindh for up gradation of   their husking unit for improved and fine end products of rice as in Sindh many units are needed to be upgraded in order to increase share of Sindh in rice sector  but that scheme couldn’t get expected positive response from the mill owners of Sindh.

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