24th All Pakistan Food Science & International Conference: Emerging Issues in Nutrition and Food Safety
International Conference on “Emerging Issues in Nutrition and Food Safety
October 21-23, 2013
1. In order to mitigate the ill effects of widely prevalent malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies among different segments of the population, concerted efforts, commitment, financial resources and government patronage is required particularly for the following;
i. Maternal and child health
ii. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF)
iii. Strengthening of food fortification programmes including legislation, particularly
– Iron and folate fortification of wheat flour
– Salt iodization
– Vitamin A & D fortification of edible oil
iv. Signs of Zn deficiency have emanated as a result of exhaustion of intensively cultivated soils, particularly in fruits and vegetables, sugar cane, cotton, rice, maize and wheat producing areas. This has resulted in zinc deficient agricultural produces with consequences of Zinc deficiency in different population groups. It is recommended that research studies be instituted on the possibilities of Zn fortification of various foods in order to come out with concrete recommendations on carrier, fortification level and fortification compound.
v. Enhanced attention on research and implementation of “Biofortification” for sustainable solution to micronutrient deficiencies
vi. Multi-sectoral solutions for combating malnutrition needs to be encouraged by incorporating nutrition sensitive and specific intervention.
vii. Collaborative research for undertaking efficacy and effectiveness trials on various nutrition intervention programmes be instituted.
2. Nutrition education be made a part of the curriculum starting at secondary school level when students are passing through the nutritionally most crucial stage of their life. Some nutrition guidelines provided at this age will help them plan better nutrition for themselves as well as for their upcoming generation in the future.
3. Agricultural policies may be formulated on the basis of increasing access rather than only production. This will accrue better nutrition to all sebgments of the population and avoid double burden of malnutrition.
4. International development partners and donor organizations in the field of nutrition like FAO, WFP, UNICEF, UNIDO, GAIN, MI, WHO etc. may concentrate on the capacity building in the field of nutrition and enhance their support to various national nutrition intervention programmes.
5. Today nutrition is the slogan and business of many but responsibility of none in Pakistan. The country lacks a central body responsible for research, policy formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and all issues related to nutrition. It is recommended that a NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NUTRITION be established at federal level with branches in all provinces.
6. Pakistan Food and Nutrition Council be established on the pattern of PMDC, PEC etc. to harmonize degree programs and nutrition practices throughout the country.
7. Higher Education Commission should constitute NCRC for developing/harmonizing curricula leading to various degree programs in the domain of nutrition and Human Nutrition
8. Nutritionist must be inducted by the health department in hospital atleast at Tehsil Headquarter level.
9. The qualification of School Health & Nutrition Supervisors inducted at Union Councils of the Punjab must by graduation in human nutrition & dietetics, food and nutrition and/or food science & technology at Union Councils
10. Food Industries be encouraged for the production of Nutri-foods by giving some incentives like special tax relief on such food products.
11. Media campaigns be regularly run for masses education and awareness related to various nutrition and food safety issues.
12. At the level of Planning Commission of Pakistan a central coordination body be established/strengthened to improve nutrition surveillance, coordination and donor collaboration. Similar bodies can be replicated at provincial level.
13. The post of Nutrition Chief at P&D department must be created at provincial level to harmonize and coordinate activities related to nutrition.
14. Consumer’s feedback and surveillance be strengthened in Pakistan.
B. FOOD SAFETY
1. All provinces may revise, update, harmonize and implement the food rules on the pattern of the Punjab Pure Food Rules 2011 and Punjab Food Authority.
2. Enforcement and implementation of food laws in true letter and spirit be ensured.
3. Food Analysis Laboratories in all provinces at district level be established and be further strengthened through accreditations and international certifications.
4. All individuals of the country have the right to safe drinking water and the state should take the responsibility to ensure it to all its citizens.
5. Water marketed in bottles be brought under a network of monitoring and evaluation with strong legislation.
6. Intensive training of food inspectors and food safety officers be arranged.
7. Extensive research on food safety of local produce and conventional products be supported to identify local risks to food systems.
8. Food industries must be encouraged for certification of internationally recognized Food Safety Management system by providing subsidy on the cost of these certifications.
9. University level courses on Food Safety and Halal Food Certification be initiated for capacity building in this very crucial field of food research.
10. Food Courts in all provinces be established to look into the legal matters related to food safety and nutrition.
ROF. DR. FAQIR MUHAMMAD ANJUM
National Institute of Food Science & Technology,
University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-Pakistan.
Phone +92-41-9201105 Cell: 03006633298
Nutrition, Health, Food