Agriculture in Pakistan

April 9th, 2013

Agriculture in pakistan
Agriculture in pakistan

Agriculture is a vital sector of Pakistan’s economy.

It accounts 21 % of total GDP in Pakistan.

It employs 41 % of the labor force of Pakistan.

About 25 % of Pakistans total land area is under cultivation.

Large contribution to foreign exchange earnings.

Dates back to 4500 BC in Indus Civilization
3. Crops
The main agricultural products are cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, and vegetables, in addition to milk, beef, mutton, and eggs.

There are two principal seasons , Kharif and Rabi.

Pakistan is one of the worlds largest producers of raw cotton.

Tobacco is grown mainly in the NWFP and Punjab and is an important cash crop.
4. Food Exports
Pakistan is one of the worlds largest producers and suppliers of the following according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations and given here with ranking:
Chickpea (2nd)
Apricot (4th)
Cotton (4th)
Sugarcane (4th)
Milk (5th)
Onion (5th)
Date Palm (6th)
Mango (7th)
Rice (8th)
Wheat (9th)
Oranges (10th)Pakistan ranks twentieth worldwide in farm output.

5. Video on Organic Farming
Now I would like to show you a small video on Organic Farming

6. Irrigation
Pakistan’s has one of the largest irrigation systems in the world.

Pakistan irrigates three times more acres than Russia
Indus River and its tributaries are capable of watering over 16 million hectares.

Includes dams, barrages, headwork, canals, and distribution channels.
Indus Waters Treaty of 1960.

7. Recommendations
Pakistan is still far from realizing the large potential yield.

Well-irrigated and fertile soil from the Indus irrigation system could produce more than present yield.

The key to a much-needed improvement of productivity lies in a more efficient use of resources, principally land and water.
8. Recommendations
Increase investments in research and technology development
Accelerate development of high yielding/disease resistant varieties.
Training Centers should be made for the farmers
Micro financing should be introduced at a bigger scale in Pakistan for enhancement of rural areas. Source Slide share

Published: Zarai Media Team

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