Mango

Mango: Fruit
Mango: Fruit

Mango is the fruit par excellence of Subcontinent.The mango is a fleshy stone fruit belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. Mango (Mangifera indica) belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. It has had a prominent position among the commercial fruits of Pakistan. Mango varieties have been known for attractive colours, savouring smell, delightful taste and high nutritive value. Mango fruits contain 10-20% sugar, an important source of vitamin A and C and contain vitamin B. Small amount of protein, Iron, Calcium and Phosphorus are also present. Ripe fruits are mainly eaten fresh, but are also utilized in preparing squashes, jams and other preserves. Young and unripe fruits are used in pickles.

Mango fruits are oval and egg shaped with smooth, soft skin.  The skin is usually a combination of green, red, and yellow. The interior flesh is bright orange and soft  with a large, flat pit in the middle. Mangos and papayas may be confused, but papayas are more bell-shaped than mangos.

Pakistan is an important mango growing country in the world. The soil and climatic conditions of Pakistan are highly suitable for mango cultivation. According to FAO production year book of 2001, Pakistan stands FIFTH among mango growing countries of the World.

Mango enjoys second position after citrus in Pakistan. It is grown in the province of Punjab over an area of 48413 hectares out of 94121 hectares in the country (MINFAL 99- 2000). Most of the remaining acreage is planted in Sindh. At present, (1999-2000) the total annual production of fruits in Pakistan is 58,46,342 tons. Even if all of this production reaches to the consumers, per head per day availability of fruit is meagre 114 grams. Fresh and processed fruits and vegetables export make up less than 1 percent of Pakistan’s total export. That is a matter of concern when the need for diversification of export is badly felt.

The mango from Pakistan is well known for its taste and quality abroad. More than 53,000 tons of mango is exported to neighbouring and European countries, i.e. Afghanistan, Bahrain, Dubai, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, France, Malayasia and Singapore etc. fetching foreign exchange. Langra, Dusehri, Samar Behisht, Chaunsa, Anwar Ratol are important varieties grown in Punjab. Sindhri, Bagan Pali, Suwarneka, Neelum and Gulab Khas are leading ones from Sindh.

Pakistan exported fruit worth $ 78.71 millions in 2000- 2001, despite the continuous neglect of fruit tree management. This amount of foreign exchange can be doubled with proper care and management of orchards. To improve the production, there are two ways, either by doubling the area under the fruit crops which is impossible, or by increasing the production per hectare. Per hectare production can only be increased if we know the proper management of trees. Unfortunately the mango crop has not been paid deserved attention.

Pakistani Mangoes

Mangoes is a great restorer of energy during the hot summer days.
Mangoes are a comfort food. The enzymes in it act as a digestive aid giving this feeling of comfort. The fruit is full of protective nutrients and hence known as “king of the fruits”.

Mango is only the fruit which has wide range of types or species.
Mangoes bring happiness to our life in summer season.
Mangoes are grown under the season of summer from April to September,
Every 2nd human of the world likes to eat mango.

China is great cultivator for mangoes but taste of mangoes from India and Pakistan can never be forgotten. These two countries also give some interesting names to the species of mangoes like Sindhri, Langra, Chaunsa, Fajri, Samar Bahist, Anwar Ratole, Dasehri, Saroli, etc. Chaunsa’ means ‘limp’ and ‘to suck’ respectively.

As mango is named as “King of the Fruits” similarly, Sindhri is said to be “The King of Mango, is also the national fruit of Pakistan because this variety is top in Pakistan. Sindhri is yellow in colour, and tastes very sweet Sindhri, famous mango variety from Pakistan and Among the Best Mangoes of the World

There are over 1000 varieties of mango.
450 varieties of mangoes in South Asia.
Asian culture, people store it for a long time by using different spices on it. Common dishes are pudding, custard, desserts, juices, milk shakes, spices, pickles, mango powder, jams and marmalades.

In Sindh, there are more than 125 varieties of mango.
I like ( Sindhri Mango and Chaunsa Mango ) because it’s my favorite fruit.
In Pakistan we get more than 10 lacs tons production, out of which Sindh provides 50% i.e. more than 5 lacs tons. Multan and Mirpurkhas are the main regions, where we get mangoes in large quantity. The maximum production, we get from Rahim Yar Khan, where mangoes are cultivated on more than 26 thousand acres.
Pakistani Mangoes like Sindhri from Sind Province & Chaunsa from Punjab.

Mango Health Benefits And Nutrition Values

Mango fruit is referred as “The king of the fruits”. Mango fruit is one of the nutritionally rich fruit with unique flavor, fragrance, taste, and thus promoting health benefits to human’s .This is also called as super fruit. Mango is one of the delicious tropical seasonal fruit and believed to be originated in the sub-Himalayan plains of Indian subcontinent. Botanically, this exotic fruit belongs to the family of Anacardiaceae.

Minerals:
Nutrients
Amounts/SelectedServing
DV%
Calcium
16.5mg
2%
Iron
0.2mg
1%
Magnesium
14.8mg
4%
Phosphorus
18.2mg
2%
Potassium
257mg
7%
Sodium
3.3mg
0%
Zinc
0.1mg
0%
Copper
0.2mg
9%
Manganese
0.0mg
2%
Selenium
1.0mcg
1%
Fluoride
~
Calorie Information:
Nutrients
Amounts/SelectedServing
DV%
TotalCalories
107(448 kJ)
5%
Carbs
101(423 kJ)
Fat
3.7(15.5 kJ)
Protein
2.8(11.7 kJ)
Alcohol
0.0(0.0 kJ)
Sterols:
Nutrients
Amounts/SelectedServing
DV%
Cholesterol
0.0mg
0%
Phytosterols
~
~
Fat & Fatty Acid
Nutrients
Amounts/SelectedServing
DV%
Fat
0.4g
1%
Saturated Fat
01g
1%
Monounsaturated fat
0.2g
Polysaturated Fat
0.1g
trans fatty acids
0.0mg
transmonoenoicfattyacids
0.0mg
trans-polyenoicfattyacids
0.0mg
Omega-3 fatty acids
61.1mg
Omega-6 fatty acids
23.1mg

PERSON WHOM MAY CONSUME MANGO

    • LOWER CANCER RISK

Mangoes contain a soluble dietary fiber called pectin. The pectin decreases the action of protein called galectin 9 that is present in cancerous cells and plays an important role in cancer. The possibility of cancer in gastrointestinal tract can be reduced by the intake of fiber. A compound in mangoes, known as lupeol is said to suppress the tumor cells of prostate cancer.

    • DIGESTION

Cures acidity and digestion are some of the health benefits present in mango. Mango contains an enzyme which is said to help in digestion. Esters, terpenes and aldehydes are some of the bio-active ingredients present in the mangoes, which are said to increase appetite and also improve digestion.

    • CANCER HAZARDS & LOWER CHOLESTROL

Mango contains large amount of pectin, a soluble dietary fibre that are efficiently lowers the blood cholesterol levels. Pectin also prevents you from having prostate cancer. The portion originating from pectin combines with galectin 3 (a protein playing significant role in all stages of cancer).

    • DIGESTION

Mango eliminates problems like indigestion and acidity. Moreover the digestive enzymes in mango help in digestion naturally. The bio-active ingredients in mango like esters, terpenes and aldehydes contribute in enhancing appetite and also improve digestion.

    • CURES ANEMIA & HELPS IN PREGNANCY

Mangoes are rich in iron, are beneficial for people suffering from anemia. Regular and adequate intake of mangoes helps to avoid anemia by increasing the blood count in the body.Mangoes are also very beneficial for pregnant woman as the iron requirement is extremely essential. Doctors often prescribe iron tablets during pregnancy. Instead you can enjoy a healthy iron rich diet with the juicy mangoes.

    • CURES ACNE

Mangoes are related with skin enhancements. Other than bringing a glow to your face, this fruit also helps to lighten skin color. You can easily enhance your beauty by including this fruit in your diet regularly.Mangoes treat acne effectively as they open the clogged pores of the skin. Once these pores are opened, acne formation eventually stops. Unclogging the pores of the skin can be an effective way to get rid of acne.

    • BRAIN HEALTH

Mangoes have abundant quantities of vitamin B-6, for maintaining and improving the brain functions. These vitamins aid in the amalgamation of the major neurotransmitters that contributes in determining the mood and modification of sleeping patterns. Thereby you can be assured of a sound brain and healthy nerve functioning throughout with regular mango intake and by avoiding medicinal supplements; you can stay away from its high doses that might cause nerve damage. The Glutamine acid content in mango improves concentration and memory power.

    • BODY IMMUNITY

Mangoes are also rich in abundant quantities of beta-carotene a carotenoid. This element helps in enhancing the immune system of the body and makes it strong. Beta-carotene gets transformed into vitamin A eventually inside the body.Vitamin A is an antioxidant and assures you protection against the innumerable free radicals that can harm your internal system. Thus, mangoes are great choice amongst the food items in your regular diet that not only assures you a disease free life but enchants you with its magnificent taste.

    • RHEUMATISM

Take the juice of 1/2 lemon before each meal and before retiring each night mixed in water and apply the juice 2x daily externally on the sore areas.After 3 days the sure but slow power of the lemon shows it’s cleansing and pain-relieving qualities.

    • SCURVY

The world well knows today that the lemon juice cure for scurvy is effective. There are many cases bordering on scurvy, however, showing a lack of the powerful lemon vitamins which give quick improvement in better bowel section, healing of mouth conditions, and a greater immunity to infection, when a diet very rich in vitamin C which abounds in lemon is followed.

The information given herein is for educational purposes only.

Copyright:  Zaraimedia.com

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