Wheat Harvesting season 2013
March 24, 2013
Wheat is harvested in the summer months when planting has occurred in spring or winter. The moisture content of the wheat is a big deciding factor on when exactly the wheat is harvested. If dry wheat is left out in the field too long, winds and storms can destroy the crop. Should the wheat dry, then get wet from rain and dry again, this process decreases the quality of the wheat. Due to the delicate nature of dry wheat, keep an eye on the fields when moisture content reaches 20 percent. Consider beginning your harvest at around 15 to 18 percent.The wheat grows better in rows east to west not north to south.
Get your harvesting equipment ready and handle any necessary maintenance to ensure optimum performance. Use the owner’s manual to set up the combine. Check the sickle to make sure it is sharp for best performance. Adjust the combine header in relation to the height of the wheat for cutting. The header should be set to get the most wheat with the least amount of straw. You may need to constantly adjust the height of the combine header as the height of the wheat in the field changes. Adjust the reel speed relative to the ground speed so to not lose any wheat in the process. Going too fast will either knock the wheat down or cut it poorly. Going too slow can cause the wheat to fall to the ground or not enter the combine correctly. Set the rotor or cylinder speed to the minimum level for good threshing; this will minimize damage to seeds. This will need to be adjusted as the wheat crops change. Set the concave at the widest setting possible to help with separating. Setting the correct rotor or cylinder speed will also ensure no grain is lost through separation. Adjust the cleaning shoe, consisting of the chaffer and cleaning sieve, so it is neither set too narrow or too wide. Consult the owner’s manual for manufacturer’s setting.
Set the fan but be sure it is not set too low or the wheat will never make it to the back of the chaffer for it to drop through. Setting the fan too high will blow the light wheat right out of the shoe altogether.
- Early harvesting of wheat with artificial drying has benefits and produces high quality wheat.
- Harvesting wheat early reduces the chances of crop damage.
- Harvest high quality wheat first.
- Try and cut the wheat all the same length for easiest harvesting.
- When making adjustments for harvesting wheat, do one at a time.
- Waiting too long to harvest wheat can become costly.
- Weather can dictate when wheat gets harvested due to a warm or cool wet spring.
- Harvesting wheat fields with weeds should be done last and cautiously, as to not spread the seeds of the weeds to other areas.
- Threshing can damage excessively dry or wet seeds.
Published: Zarai Media Team