List of Crops of Pakistan

list-crops-pakistan

The following table presents list of common crops of Pakistan



Sr. no.


Vernacular name


Botanical name


Family


Agronomic use


Sowing season
A.      CEREAL
CROPS
1.
Ghandum / Kanak / Wheat
Triticum aestivum
Poaceae
Cereals
Rabi
2.
Juo / Barley
Hordeum vulgare
Poaceae
Cereals/ Fodder
Rabi
3.
Dhaan / Rice / Paddy
Oryza sativa
Poaceae
Cereals
Kharif
4.
Makkai / Corn / Maize
Zea mays
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
5.
Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum
Sorghum bicolor
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder
Kharif (Grain purpose)
Rabi (Fodder purpose)
6.
Bajra / Pearl Millet
Pennisetum
typhoides
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder
Kharif
B.      FOOD
LEGUMES
1.
Kalay Channay / Chickpea / Gram
Cicer arietinum
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
2.
Kabuli Channay / Chickpea / White Gram
Cicer arietinum
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
3.
Field pea
Pisum sativum
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
4.
Masur / Lentil
Lens culnaris
Fabaceae
Pulses
Rabi
5.
Mung bean / Oregon Pea / Green Gram
Vigna radiata
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
6.
Mash / Urd Bean / Black Gram
Vigna mungo
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
7.
Pigeon pea / Red Gram / Arhar
Cajanus cajan
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
8.
Lobia / Cowpea / Black-eyed Pea
Vigna unguiculata
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
9.
Rawan / Cowpea
Vigna unguiculata
Fabaceae
Pulses
Kharif
C.      OILSEED
CROPS
1.
Toria / Brown or Yellow Sarsoon / Rapeseed
Brassica
campestris
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
2.
Gohbi Sarsoon / Rapeseed
Brassica napus
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
3.
Raya / Indian Mustard
Brassica juncea
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
4.
Taramera / Mustard
Eruca sativa
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
5.
Canola / Rapeseed
Brassica napus
Cruiferae
Oilseeds
Rabi
6.
Moongphali / Ground nut / Peanuts
Arachis hypogea
Fabaceae
Oilseeds
Kharif
7.
Suraj Mukkhi / Sunflower
Helianthus annus
Compositae
Oilseeds
Rabi
8.
Makkai / Corn / Maize
Zea mays
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
9.
Zeatoon / Olive
Olera europeae
Oleaceae
Oilseeds
10.
Kala Til / Niger
Guizotia
abyssinica
Compositae
Oilseeds
Kharif
11.
Sufaid Til / Sesame
Sesamum indicum
Pedaliacea
Oilseeds
Kharif
12.
Alsi / Linseed
Linum
ustitatissimum
Linaceae
Oilseeds
Rabi
13.
Guar / Cluster bean
Cyamopsis
tetragonolba
Fabaceae
Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
14.
Kappas / Cotton
Gossypium
arboretum & G. hirsutum
Malvaceae
Oilseeds  / Fiber
Kharif
D.      FIBER
CROPS
1.
Kappas / Cotton
Gossypium
arboretum & G. hirsutum
Malvaceae
Oilseeds  / Fiber
Kharif
2.
Patsun / Jute
Corchorus
capsularis / C. olitorius
Tilliaceae
Fibre
Kharif
E.       SUGAR
CROPS
1.
Kammad / Ganna / Sugarcane
Saccharum
officinarum
Poaceae
Sugar
Perennial
2.
Chuqandar / Sugarbeet
Beta vulgaris
Chenopodiaceae
Sugar
Rabi
F.       FORAGE
CROPS
1.
Berseem / Egyptian Clover
Trifolium
alexanderinum
Fabaceae
Fodder / Green Manure
Rabi
2.
Shaftal / Persian Clover
Trifolium
resupinatum
Fabaceae
Fodder
Rabi
3.
Lucern / Alfalfa
Medicago sativa
Fabaceae
Fodder
Rabi
4.
Guar / Cluster bean
Cyamopsis
tetragonolba
Fabaceae
Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
5.
Jowar / Chari / Great Millet / Sorghum
Sorghum bicolor
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder
Kharif (Grain purpose)
Rabi (Fodder purpose)
6.
Jai / Oat
Avena sativa
Poaceae
Fodder / Cereals
Rabi
7.
Makkai / Corn / Maize
Zea mays
Poaceae
Cereals / Fodder / Oilseeds
Kharif
8.
Juo / Barley
Hordeum vulgare
Poaceae
Cereals/ Fodder
Rabi
9.
Kangani
Fodder
10.
Haloon
Fodder
11.
Cheena
Fodder
12.
Jantar
Fodder
13.
Mott. Grass
Fodder

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