Buffalo breeds found in in Pakistan are:
Nili Ravi Buffalo
The hometract of the Nili-Ravi buffalo includes Lahore, Sheikhupura, Faisalabad, Okara, Sahiwal, Pakpattan and Vehari districts of Central Punjab; and Multan and parts of Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar districts of southern Punjab. However, because of their well-recognized dairy qualities, these animals are now found all over the country. Nili-Ravi ‘buffaloes are in great demand in several other countries as well. Nili and Ravi were recognized as separate breeds until 1960’s when merging of the two breeds was accepted in the form of Nili-Ravi breed.
- These buffaloes are massive, somewhat wedge-shaped animals.
- They are mostly black, but often have white markings on the forehead, face, and muzzle, and lower parts of the legs. Due to which it is called “Panj Kalyan”.
- The tail switch is often white.
- They have all curly horns, wall eyes, and a large and strong udder.
- Males attain maturity at the age of 30 months, and females at 36 months.
- Average age at first calving is 1390 days
- Milk yield is 1800-2500 litres per lactation (322 days) with 6.5% butter fat.
- Adult males weigh 550-650 kg, while females weigh 350-450 Kg.
- Males may be used for draught purposes, especially for preparing land for paddy cultivation and are a good source of beef.
- White markings extending above hock and knee and over the neck and body constitute a serious disqualification.
Kundhi buffaloes are found throughout Sindh, particularly on both sides of the Indus river from Kashmore in the north to Shah Bandar in the south on the coast of the Arabian Sea. They are also found in some parts of Balochistan province.
- These are massive, jet-black animals.
- Their horns are broad at the base and taper upward and inward, giving them a fishhook shape, hence the name `Kundhi’.
- White spots on the body and straight horns are considered undesirable in this breed.
- They have a broad forehead, short neck, and medium-sized ears.
- They have large, strong udders.
- The average age at maturity is 30 months in males and 36 months in females.
- Adult males weigh 500-600 kg, and females 300-400 kg.
- The milk yield per lactation is 1700-2200 litres with over 6.5% butter fat.
These buffaloes are mainly found in Khwaza Khella and Madyan areas of Swat district about 175 km north east of Peshawar in KPK, but can be found in whole valley of Swat. Azi-Khelies have been named after a local tribe ‘Aziz Khell’.
- Colour variation in Azi-Kheli is quite pronounced, varying from complete albino animals to piebald to even black.
- Young animals have normal brownish hair, while hair coat usually becomes scanty and thin in adults.
- Forehead has a white marking of varying size and can be totally white with a tapering face.
- Horns are small semi-sickled in shape.
- The tail is characteristically short and slender.
- Estimated liveweight is 350 to 450 kg.
- The udder in lactating animals is fairly developed.
- Milk yield per lactation is about 1800 litres.
- Age at first calving is about 45 months with a calving interval of 18 months.
- Azi‑Kheli buffaloes are generally docile.