REAP hails cultivation of hybrid rice
December 19, 2012
Rice Exporters Association of Pakistan (REAP) has appreciated the fact that the cultivation of hybrid rice has been instrumental in increasing the per-acre-yield of rice in the country and increasing the exportable surplus. Currently, hybrid rice is cultivated on an area of approximately 500,000 acres in the country, claimed Reap Vice Chairman Chaudhry Samee Ullah in a statement issued here on Tuesday.
In Sindh, hybrid rice is cultivated on vast areas of land in Larkana, Jacobabad, Kandhkot, Shikarpur, Thal, Kashmore, Badin, Tando Muhammad Khan, Golarchi, Sajawal and Thatta etc, in Balochistan, hybrid rice is cultivated in the vast areas of Jafferabad, Nasirabad and Usta Muhammad etc, while in Punjab it is being cultivated in the areas of Multan, Sadiqabad, Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bhawalpur etc.
The reason for the popularity of hybrid rice among the farmers is that an average yield of around 80 maunds per acre is usually achieved by them and in some cases, progressive growers even achieve as high as 110 to 120 maunds per acre, Samee claimed. China, by promoting hybrid rice cultivation in the country, increased its national average yield per hectare from 3.5 to 6.2 mt/ha (FAO, UN), within a relatively short span of five to six years, where 15 million hectare or about 50 percent of its area is under hybrid rice cultivation. In Pakistan the national yield per hectare of rice is still 2.387 mt/ha, which is one of the lowest in the world, Samee said.
As also pointed put by Reap in the past, he maintained, IRRI-6 of Philippines introduced in the country some more than 40 years ago, the variety had now almost been degenerated. The public sector institutes like Rice Research Institute, Kala Shah Kaku or Rice Research Institute Dokri have failed to develop new successful and popular OP or hybrid rice varieties during the last several decades of their existence.